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:: Volume 8, Issue 4 (winter 2024) ::
joge 2024, 8(4): 20-28 Back to browse issues page
Investigating the effectiveness of Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) treatment on executive function and working memory of the elderly with mild Alzheimer's
Fatemeh Mirkamali , Fatemeh Karimi * , Saeed Ahmad khosravi , Morad Hosseini
Abstract:   (1262 Views)

Introduction: The prevalence of psychological problems in the elderly with mild Alzheimer's is high, which requires interventions to solve these problems. This research was conducted with the aim of determining the effectiveness of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) treatment on executive function and working memory of elderly people with mild Alzheimer's disease.
Methods: The research method was semi-experimental and pre-test, post-test with a control group. The statistical population included all elderly people with mild Alzheimer's disease in Kerman city in 2023, 30 people (15 people from the experimental group and 15 people from the control group) were selected by available sampling method. The data collection tool was the executive function questionnaires of Gerrard et al. (2000) and the working memory questionnaire of Enbeck (1985). The treatment intervention of repeated transcranial magnetic stimulation in 10 sessions of 20 to 30 minutes and twice a week was performed on the experimental group and the control group did not receive any intervention. Data analysis was done with descriptive tests (mean and standard deviation) and covariance analysis using SPSS version 24 software. The level of P less than 0.05 was considered significant.
Results: in the executive function variable, the mean and standard deviation of the experimental group in the pre-test was 146.92±16.74 and in the post-test 192.82±16.37 and in the working memory variable, the mean and standard deviation of the experimental group in the pre-test 36.19 ± 7.40 in the test and 68.59 ± 6.43 in the post-test. The results of covariance analysis also showed that repeated transcranial magnetic stimulation treatment had an effect on the executive function and working memory of the elderly with mild Alzheimer's disease (P < 0.01).
Conclusion: Based on the research findings, the treatment of repeated transcranial magnetic stimulation can be used to increase the active memory of the elderly with mild Alzheimer's.

 
Keywords: mild Alzheimer's, repeated transcranial magnetic stimulation, working memory, executive function, elderly.
Full-Text [PDF 290 kb]   (203 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original research | Subject: geriatric rehabilitation
Received: 2024/01/3 | Accepted: 2024/01/30 | Published: 2024/01/30
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mirkamali F, Karimi F, ahmad khosravi S, hosseini M. Investigating the effectiveness of Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) treatment on executive function and working memory of the elderly with mild Alzheimer's. joge 2024; 8 (4) :20-28
URL: http://joge.ir/article-1-667-en.html


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Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 8, Issue 4 (winter 2024) Back to browse issues page
نشریه سالمندشناسی Journal of Gerontology
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