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:: Volume 9, Issue 1 (Spring 2024) ::
joge 2024, 9(1): 61-75 Back to browse issues page
The effect of basic psychological needs on life satisfaction according to the mediating role of emotional empathy and resilience in elderly women
Ebrahim Namani * , Amin Fatehi Moghaddam , Ahmad Mohammadi Hoseini
Hakim Sabzevari University
Abstract:   (930 Views)
Introduction: In recent years, the distribution of the country's population has changed towards older ages, and the aging phenomenon can be seen in Iran as in other parts of the world. Considering the increasing trend of the share of the elderly in the country's total population, the present study was conducted with the aim of investigating the effect of basic psychological needs on life satisfaction with regard to the mediating role of emotional empathy and resilience in elderly women. Method: The present research method was descriptive and correlation type. The statistical population of the research included all the elderly women living in the nursing home of Shiraz city in 2023. then 210 of whom were selected by available sampling. The research tools included Deci & Ryan’s basic psychological needs questionnaires of (2000), Diener's life satisfaction questionnaire (1985), Davis' emotional empathy questionnaire (1983) and Connor & Davidson’s resilience questionnaire (2003). Pearson's correlation test and structural equation modeling were used to analyze the data.The indirect effects were tested using the bootstrap procedure. Results: The results showed that basic psychological needs had a direct effect on life satisfaction and indirectly, through resilience and emotional empathy, on life satisfaction (p-value <0.01). Conclusions: Based on the findings of this research, it can be concluded that the increase in emotional empathy and resilience among the elderly provides their basic needs and leads to an increase in life satisfaction.
Keywords: Basic Psychological Needs, Life Satisfaction, Emotional Empathy, Resilience, Elderly Women.
Full-Text [PDF 405 kb]   (56 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original research | Subject: Eldely mental and psychological issues
Received: 2024/01/31 | Accepted: 2024/03/29 | Published: 2024/03/29
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Namani E, Fatehi Moghaddam A, Mohammadi Hoseini A. The effect of basic psychological needs on life satisfaction according to the mediating role of emotional empathy and resilience in elderly women. joge 2024; 9 (1) :61-75
URL: http://joge.ir/article-1-672-en.html


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Volume 9, Issue 1 (Spring 2024) Back to browse issues page
نشریه سالمندشناسی Journal of Gerontology
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