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:: Volume 6, Issue 4 (winter 2022) ::
joge 2022, 6(4): 89-104 Back to browse issues page
The role of muscle weakness in balance and postural instability in the elderly with and without falls: A Systematic review
Hasan Daneshmandi, Mona Hoseinpour *
uni guilan
Abstract:   (183 Views)
Introduction: It is essential understanding causes of falls among the older adults in order to design effective interventions; therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate the role of muscle weakness in balance and postural instability among older adults with and without a history of falls.Results: According to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, 23 articles entered the final review phase. Eighteen of the above twenty-three studies reported that lower-limb muscles play an important role in balance and postural stability, and five articles investigated the role of lower-limb muscles in balance and falls among the older adults.
Conclusion: It seems that muscle weakness is a risk factor for falls among the older adults. Both the distal and proximal muscles of the lower limb play an important role in the balance and fall among the older adults. Studies showed that upper-limb muscles play a more important role in balance, postural instability, and falls among the older adults than lower-limb muscles. Therefore, to prevent muscle weakness-related falls among the older adults, training programs should be considered to increase the muscle strength and thus to reduce the risk of falls in this age group and increase the number of active older adults in the society.
Keywords: Aged, Accidental Falls, Balance, Postural Balance, Muscle Weakness
Full-Text [PDF 310 kb]   (55 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Review | Subject: geriatric rehabilitation
Received: 2021/12/14 | Accepted: 2022/01/4 | Published: 2022/01/30
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daneshmandi H, hoseinpour M. The role of muscle weakness in balance and postural instability in the elderly with and without falls: A Systematic review. joge. 2022; 6 (4) :89-104
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Volume 6, Issue 4 (winter 2022) Back to browse issues page
نشریه سالمندشناسی Journal of Gerontology
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